Saturday, April 21, 2018

Holy Crown of the Hungarian Kings (artifact)

Also known as the Crown of St. Stephen, a holy artifact created during the time of Istvan the Saint (997-1038) to ensure the existence of the Hungarian monarchy.  The enamel motifs on the crown are of Byzantine work, presumed to have been made in Constantinople in the 1070s.

The crown is said to defend the sovereignty of Hungary, and is generally credited with preserving the kingdom in spite of the encroachment by the Ottoman Empire upon most of the former lands once controlled by the Hungarian crown. 

At present, the crown rests upon the head of Ferdinand IV, the 17-year-old son of Ferdinand III, the Holy Roman Emperor.

See here for further details.

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