Saturday, April 21, 2018

Upper Hungary (principality)

Part of the Kingdom of Hungary, the Principality of Upper Hungary consists of a series of valleys spreading outwards from the Podtatranska Basin between the high and low Tatra mountains to the valley of the Hernad River in the principalities' east. It serves as a 60-mile wide corridor connecting Nyatria to Ruthenia and Little Ruthenia.

The principality has a total area of 16 hexes, with a density of 7,782 persons per hex. It is bounded on the south by the Ottoman Empire (Northern Hills); on the west by the Principality of Nyatria; on the north by the Kingdom of Poland (Galicia); on the east by the Principality of Ruthenia; and on the southeast by the Principality of Transylvania (Hortobagy). It has a total population of 124,513.


After its domination by the Avars, starting in the 6th century, the Slavs of the region began to rebel, the Hernad valley was able to free itself from Avar tyranny in the late 650s. The Podtatranska Basin remained a part of the Avars until 799. After a brief period of chaos, the Basin became part of the Principality of Nitra. When that entity fell to the Kingdom of Great Moravia, however, the Slavs of the region united with their brothers in the east and established a coalition of independent tribes that would last until Bela III of Hungary imposed Hungarian authority in 1175. Thereafter Upper Hungary would share the history of Hungary.

After the fall of Hungary to the Ottoman Turks, Upper Hungary would be reformed into a military district (the Captaincy of Upper Hungary) with military matters in the Principality being immediately under the control of the Habsburg monarchy; Koszyce, in turn, would become a heavily guarded outpost, supporting nearly 2,000 Habsburg troops.



Koszyce serves as a market town for Upper Hungary, Ruthenia and Little Ruthenia. It trades with Pozsony in the west, Lwow and several river ports in Greater Poland, being connected by road with the transshipment point at Przeworsk on the upper Vistula River. Trade is also shared between Koszyce and Sathmar in Transylvania and with Miskolc in the Northern Hills of the Ottoman Empire (where privileges for crossing the frontier are strictly controlled).

References for production associated with Koszyce are as follows:

See sheet map D 02 ~ Carpathians.


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